自制THyperLink组件_Delphi

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成都市八二信箱 王乐

  很多软件在其About窗口或Help菜单中,可让用户通过单击一段文字就能方便地访问某个网页。比如,Delphi的Help中就有可直接访问该公司主页的菜单项。下面介绍的THyperLink组件是用Delphi3.0编制的,可方便地实现上述功能。

THyperLink是基于TCustomLabel组件的,它有以下特性:

属性:

  普通Label组件的所有特性,考滤到实际用途只公布了Caption、Color、 Cursor、 Enabled、 Font、 Hint、 ShowHint、 Visible等属性,其中Font属性在构造函数中被初始化为蓝色带下划线字体,Cursor被置为手型鼠标。别外,增加了URL属性用于存贮网址。在组件内部接管了OnClick事件,用于实现用户单击后调用默认浏览器打开URL中指定的网页,处理各种错误,并将Font属性置为紫色。

http://www.gaodaima.com/65665.html自制THyperLink组件_Delphi

方法:

Function  Browse(AURL: string): Integer;
{ AURL为网址或文件名。}
事件:

OnClick;  { 响应用户鼠标单击动作。 }
具体源码如下:

{ THyperLink VCL, Version 1.0  
  This is freeware.  If you make cool changes to it,
please send them to   me(1234@5678.com).
}

unit HyperLink;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes,
  Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
  ShellAPI, Stdctrls;

type
  THyperLink = class(TCustomLabel)
  private
   FURL: string; // 存贮网址或文件名
   FOwnerHandle: HWND;
  protected
procedure DoOnClick(Sender: TObject);
// 处理用户单击鼠标
  public
constructor Create(AOwner: TComponent); override;
Function  Browse(AURL: string): Integer;
  published
   property Caption;
   property Color;
   property Cursor default crHandPoint;
   property Enabled;
   property Font stored True;
   property Hint;
   property ShowHint default True;
   property URL: string read FURL write FURL;
   property Visible;
   property OnClick;
  end;

procedure Register;

implementation

constructor THyperLink.Create(AOwner: TComponent);
begin
  inherited Create(aOwner);
  FOwnerHandle := (Owner as TForm).Handle;
  OnClick := DoOnClick;
  Cursor := crHandPoint;
  ShowHint := True;
  Font.Color := clBlue;
  Font.Style := [fsUnderline];
  Font.Size := 10;
end;

procedure THyperLink.DoOnClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  if (not (csDesigning in
   ComponentState) and (FURL < >'')) then
   begin
    Browse(FURL);
    // 调用相应程序打开URL中的网址、文件
    Font.Color := clPurple;
   end;
end;

Function THyperLink.Browse(AURL: string): Integer;
var
  RtnValue: Integer;
begin
  RtnValue := ShellExecute(FOwnerHandle, 'Open', PChar(AURL),
nil, nil, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
  case RtnValue of   // 处理各种错理
   0: ShowMessage('The operating system is out of memory
or resources.');
   ERROR_BAD_FORMAT: ShowMessage( 'The .EXE file is invalid
(non-Win32 .EXE or error in .EXE image');
   SE_ERR_accessDENIED: ShowMessage( 'The operating system
denied access to the specified file.');
   SE_ERR_ASSOCINCOMPLETE: ShowMessage( 'The filename
association is incomplete or invalid.');
   SE_ERR_DDEBUSY: ShowMessage( 'The DDE transaction
could not be completed because other DDE transactions
were being processed.');
   SE_ERR_DDEFAIL: ShowMessage( 'The DDE transaction failed.');
   SE_ERR_DDETIMEOUT: ShowMessage( 'The DDE transaction
could not be completed because the request timed out.');
   SE_ERR_DLLNOTFOUND: ShowMessage( 'The specified
dynamic-link library was not found.');
   SE_ERR_FNF: ShowMessage( 'The specified file was not found.');
   SE_ERR_NOASSOC: ShowMessage( 'There is no application
associated with the given filename extension.');
   SE_ERR_OOM: ShowMessage( 'There was not enough
memory to complete the operation.');
   SE_ERR_PNF: ShowMessage( 'The specified path was not found.');
   SE_ERR_SHARE: ShowMessage( 'A sharing violation occurred.');
  else
   if(RtnValue < =32) then ShowMessage( 'Unknown
Error in ShellExecte.');
  end;
  Result := RtnValue;
end;

procedure Register;
begin
  RegisterComponents('Tools', [THyperLink]);
end;
end.
  由于THyperLink内部使用ShellExcute函数来打开网页,而ShellExcute函数的特点是可调用与给定文件相关联的应用程来打开该文件,所以在属性URL中设置其它类型的文件(如E-mail地址、文本文件、图像文件,甚至是数据库文件),只要用户的计算机内有相应程序,ThyperLink就能打开该文件。不过E-mail地址应写成mailto:1234@5678.com这样的型式。以下是一简单的示例程序:

unit sample;
interface
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes,
   Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
  Menus, StdCtrls, HyperLink;
type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
   HyperLink1: THyperLink;
   MainMenu1: TMainMenu;
   Help1: TMenuItem;
   BorlandHomePage1: TMenuItem;
   procedure BorlandHomePage1Click(Sender: TObject);
  end;
var
  Form1: TForm1;
implementation
{$R *.DFM}

procedure TForm1.BorlandHomePage1Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  HyperLink1.Browse('http://www.borland.com');
end;
end.
  因为ThyperLink组件的父类是TCustomLabel组件,所以它拥有TCustomLabel的全部属性、方法、事件,这就是说如果需要的话,你可直接使用它们。

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