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php之str_replace详解_php

php 搞代码 3年前 (2018-06-21) 90次浏览 已收录 0个评论

str_replace

(php 4, PHP 5)

str_replace ― Replace all occurrences of the search string with the replacement string

Description

mixed str_replace ( mixed $search , mixed $replace , mixed $subject [, int &$count ] )

This function returns a string or an array with all occurrences of search in subject replaced with the givenreplace value.

If you don’t need fancy replacing rules (like regular expressions), you should always use this function instead ofpreg_replace().

Parameters

If search and replace are arrays, then str_replace() takes a value from each array and uses them to search and replace on subject. If replace has fewer values than search, then an empty string is used for the rest of replacement values. If search is an array and replace is a string, then this replacement string is used for every value of search. The converse would not make sense, though.

If search or replace are arrays, their elements are processed first to last.

search

The value being searched for, otherwise known as the needle. An array may be used to designate multiple needles.

replace

The replacement value that replaces found search values. An array may be used to designate multiple replacements.

subject

The string or array being searched and replaced on, otherwise known as the haystack.

If subject is an array, then the search and replace is performed with every entry of subject, and the return value is an array as well.

count

If passed, this will be set to the number of replacements performed.

Return Values

This function returns a string or an array with the replaced values.

Changelog

Version Description
5.0.0 The count parameter was added.
4.3.3 The behaviour of this function changed. In older versions a bug existed when using arrays as bothsearch and replace parameters which caused empty search indexes to be skipped without advancing the internal pointer on the replace array. This has been corrected in PHP 4.3.3, any scripts which relied on this bug should remove empty search values prior to calling this function in order to mimic the original behavior.
4.0.5 Most parameters can now be an array.

Examples

Example #1 Basic str_replace() examples

// Provides:
$bodytag = str_replace("%body%", "black", "");

// Provides: Hll Wrld f PHP
$vowels = array("a", "e", "i", "o", "u", "A", "E", "I", "O", "U");
$onlyconsonants = str_replace($vowels, "", "Hello World of PHP");

// Provides: You should eat pizza, beer, and ice cream every day
$phrase = "You should eat fruits, vegetables, and fiber every day.";
$healthy = array("fruits", "vegetables", "fiber");
$yummy = array("pizza", "beer", "ice cream");

$newphrase = str_replace($healthy, $yummy, $phrase);

// Provides: 2
$str = str_replace("ll", "", "good golly miss molly!", $count);
echo $count;
?>

Example #2 Examples of potential str_replace() gotchas

php
// Order of replacement
$str = "Line 1/nLine 2/rLine 3/r/nLine 4/n";
$order = array("/r/n", "/n", "/r");
$replace = '
';

// Processes /r/n's first so they aren't converted twice.
$newstr = str_replace($order, $replace, $str);

// Outputs F because A is replaced with B, then B is replaced with C, and so on...
// Finally E is replaced with F, because of left to right replacements.
$search = array('A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E');
$replace = array('B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F');
$subject = 'A';
echo str_replace($search, $replace, $subject);

// Outputs: apearpearle pear
// For the same reason mentioned above
$letters = array('a', 'p');
$fruit = array('apple', 'pear');
$text = 'a p';
$output = str_replace($letters, $fruit, $text);
echo $output;
?>

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

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