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php+mysql+nginx在linux上的环境部署_php

php 搞代码 3年前 (2018-06-21) 162次浏览 已收录 0个评论

一直在linux上鼓捣,还没有完整在linux下配置过nginx服务器环境部署呢,这几天没什么事就部署了一下,遇到的问题也很多,现在把我的环境部署文档发出了,有什么问题大家可以一起讨论一下,希望大家采用后遇到问题多多沟通。

安装所需各种依赖包

http://www.gaodaima.com/51201.htmlphp+mysql+nginx在linux上的环境部署_php

sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

1、编译安装PHP 5.2.14所需的支持库:
tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

关于/etc/ld.so.conf:
这个文件记录了编译时使用的动态链接库的路径。
默认情况下,编译器只会使用/lib和/usr/lib这两个目录下的库文件
将自己可能存放库文件的路径都加入到/etc/ld.so.conf中是明智的选择
添加方法也极其简单,将库文件的绝对路径直接写进去就OK了,一行一个。例如:
/usr/X11R6/lib
/usr/local/lib
/opt/lib

ldconfig是什么?
它是一个程序,通常它位于/sbin下,供root用户使用。它的作用就是将/etc/ld.so.conf列出的路径下的库文件 缓存到/etc/ld.so.cache 以供使用,因此当安装完一些库文件,或者修改ld.so.conf增加新的库路径后,需要运行一下/sbin/ldconfig,使所有的库文件都被缓存到ld.so.cache中,如果没做,即使库文件明明就在/usr/lib下的,也是不会被使用的,结果编译过程中报错,缺少xxx库。 切记改动库文件后一定要运行一下ldconfig,在任何目录下运行都可以。
2、编译安装MySQL 5.5.3-m3
/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.3-m3.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.3-m3/
./configure –prefix=/home/pubsrc/mysql/ –enable-assembler –with-extra-charsets=complex –enable-thread-safe-client –with-big-tables –with-readline –with-ssl –with-embedded-server –enable-local-infile –with-plugins=partition,innobase,myisammrg
make && make install
chmod +w /home/pubsrc/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /home/pubsrc/mysql/
cd ../
  ①、创建MySQL数据库存放目录
mkdir -p /home/pubsrc/mysql/data/
mkdir -p /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/binlog/
mkdir -p /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/relaylog/
chown -R mysql:mysql /home/pubsrc/mysql/
②、以mysql用户帐号的身份建立数据表:
/home/pubsrc/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db –basedir=/home/pubsrc/mysql –datadir=/home/pubsrc/mysql/data –user=mysql
③、创建my.cnf配置文件:
vi /home/pubsrc/mysql/my.cnf
输入以下内容:
[client]
#character-set-server = utf8
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
#character-set-server = utf8
replicate-ignore-db = mysql
replicate-ignore-db = test
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
user = mysql
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /home/pubsrc/mysql
datadir = /home/pubsrc/mysql/data
log-error = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/mysql_error.log
pid-file = /home/pubsrc/mysql/mysql.pid
open_files_limit = 10240
back_log = 600
max_connections = 5000
max_connect_errors = 6000
table_cache = 614
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 1M
join_buffer_size = 1M
thread_cache_size = 300
#thread_concurrency = 8
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 2M
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
thread_stack = 192K
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
tmp_table_size = 246M
max_heap_table_size = 246M
long_query_time = 3
log-slave-updates
log-bin = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/binlog
binlog_cache_size = 4M
binlog_format = MIXED
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
max_binlog_size = 1G
relay-log-index = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/relaylog
relay-log = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/relaylog
expire_logs_days = 30
key_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
myisam_recover

interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120

skip-name-resolve
#master-connect-retry = 10
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

#master-host = 192.168.1.2
#master-user = username
#master-password = password
#master-port = 3306

server-id = 1

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend
innodb_file_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
innodb_file_per_table = 0

#log-slow-queries = /home/pubsrc/mysql/logs/slow.log
#long_query_time = 10

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M

④、创建管理MySQL数据库的shell脚本:
vi /home/pubsrc/mysql/mysql
#!/bin/sh
mysql_port=3306
mysql_username=”admin”
mysql_password=”12345678″

function_start_mysql()
{
printf “Starting MySQL…/n”
/bin/sh /home/pubsrc/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe –defaults-file=/home/pubsrc/mysql/my.cnf 2>&1 > /dev/null &
}

function_stop_mysql()
{
printf “Stoping MySQL…/n”
/home/pubsrc/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u ${mysql_username} -p${mysql_password} -S /tmp/mysql.sock shutdown
}

function_restart_mysql()
{
printf “Restarting MySQL…/n”
function_stop_mysql
sleep 5
function_start_mysql
}

function_kill_mysql()
{
kill -9 $(ps -ef grep ‘bin/mysqld_safe’ grep ${mysql_port} awk ‘{printf $2}’)
kill -9 $(ps -ef grep ‘libexec/mysqld’ grep ${mysql_port} awk ‘{printf $2}’)
}

if [ “$1” = “start” ]; then
function_start_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “stop” ]; then
function_stop_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “restart” ]; then
function_restart_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “kill” ]; then
function_kill_mysql
else
printf “Usage: /data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/mysql {startstoprestartkill}/n”
fi
⑤、赋予shell脚本可执行权限:
chmod +x /home/pubsrc/mysql/mysql
⑥、启动MySQL:
/home/pubsrc/mysql/mysql start
⑦、通过命令行登录管理MySQL服务器(提示输入密码时直接回车):
/home/pubsrc/mysql/bin/mysql -u admin -p -S /tmp/mysql.sock
⑧、输入以下SQL语句,创建一个具有root权限的用户(admin)和密码(12345678):
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘12345678’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’127.0.0.1’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘12345678’;
⑨、(可选)停止MySQL:
/home/pubsrc/mysql/mysql stop
3、编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式)
tar zxvf php-5.2.14.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz patch -d php-5.2.14 -p1
cd php-5.2.14/

./configure –prefix=/home/pubsrc/php –with-config-file-path=/home/pubsrc/php/etc –with-mysql=/home/pubsrc/mysql –with-mysqli=//home/pubsrc/mysql/bin/mysql_config –with-iconv-dir=/usr/local –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-xml –disable-rpath –enable-discard-path –enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath –enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –with-curl –with-curlwrappers –enable-mbregex –enable-fastcgi –enable-fpm –enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-mhash –enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-ldap –with-ldap-sasl –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –enable-soap –without-pear

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../
4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块
tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/home/pubsrc/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/home/pubsrc/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/home/pubsrc/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/home/pubsrc/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/home/pubsrc/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/home/pubsrc/php/bin/php-config –with-pdo-mysql=/home/pubsrc/mysql
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/home/pubsrc/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/home/pubsrc/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../
5、修改php.ini文件
  手工修改:查找/home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = “./”
  修改为extension_dir = “/home/pubsrc/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
  并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
   extension = “memcache.so”
   extension = “pdo_mysql.so”
   extension = “imagick.so”

   再查找output_buffering = Off
   修改为output_buffering = On

   再查找; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
   修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0,防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞。

   自动修改:若嫌手工修改麻烦,可执行以下shell命令,自动完成对php.ini文件的修改:
sed -i ‘s#extension_dir = “./”#extension_dir = “/home/pubsrc/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”/nextension = “memcache.so”/nextension = “pdo_mysql.so”/nextension = “imagick.so”/n#’ /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i ‘s#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#’ /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; always_populate_raw_post_data = On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g” /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g” /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
6、配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
mkdir -p /home/pubsrc/eaccelerator_cache
vi /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php.ini
按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/home/pubsrc/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”64″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/home/pubsrc/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″
7、创建www用户和组,以及供blog.test.com和www.test.com两个虚拟主机使用的目录:
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/blog
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/blog
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/blog
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/www
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/www
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/www
 8、创建php-fpm配置文件(php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi):
  在/home/pubsrc/php/etc/目录中创建php-fpm.conf文件:
rm -f /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /home/pubsrc/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
输入以下内容(如果您安装 Nginx + PHP 用于程序调试,请将以下的0改为1,以便显示PHP错误信息,否则,Nginx 会报状态为500的空白错误页):


All relative paths in this config are relative to php’s install prefix

Pid file
/home/pubsrc/php/logs/php-fpm.pid

Error log file
/home/pubsrc/php/logs/php-fpm.log

Log level
notice

When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS …
10

… in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator’s shared memory.
1m

Time limit on waiting child’s reaction on signals from master
5s

Set to ‘no’ to debug fpm
yes

Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
default

Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
Valid syntax is ‘ip.ad.re.ss:port’ or just ‘port’ or ‘/path/to/unix/socket’
127.0.0.1:9000

Set listen(2) backlog
-1

Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.


0666

Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.

/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
1

Unix user of processes
www

Unix group of processes
www

Process manager settings

Sets style of controling worker process count.
Valid values are ‘static’ and ‘apache-like’
static

Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
Used with any pm_style.
128

Settings group for ‘apache-like’ pm style

Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
20

Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
5

Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
35

The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
Should be used when ‘max_execution_time’ ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
‘0s’ means ‘off’
0s

The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
‘0s’ means ‘off’
0s

The log file for slow requests
logs/slow.log

Set open file desc rlimit
65535

Set max core size rlimit
0

Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path

Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path

Redirect workers’ stdout and stderr into main error log.
If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
yes

How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
For endless request processing please specify 0
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
102400

Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
127.0.0.1

Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment

$HOSTNAME
/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
/tmp
/tmp
/tmp
$OSTYPE
$MACHTYPE
2

9、启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,进程数为128(如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启64个进程),用户为www:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/home/pubsrc/php/sbin/php-fpm start
注:/home/pubsrc/php/sbin/php-fpm还有其他参数,包括:startstopquitrestartreloadlogrotate,修改php.ini后不重启php-cgi,重新加载配置文件使用reload。
三、安装Nginx 0.8.46
  1、安装Nginx所需的pcre库:
tar zxvf pcre-8.10.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.10/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
2、安装Nginx
tar zxvf nginx-0.8.46.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.8.46/
./configure –user=www –group=www –prefix=/home/pubsrc/nginx –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module
make && make install
cd ../
3、创建Nginx日志目录
mkdir -p /data1/logs
chmod +w /data1/logs
chown -R www:www /data1/logs
4、创建Nginx配置文件
  ①、在/home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/目录中创建nginx.conf文件:
rm -f /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
vi /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
输入以下内容:
user www www;

worker_processes 8;

error_log /home/pubsrc/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;

pid /home/pubsrc/nginx/nginx.pid;

#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;

events
{
use epoll;
worker_connections 65535;
}

http
{
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#charset gb2312;

server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
client_max_body_size 8m;

sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;

keepalive_timeout 60;

tcp_nodelay on;

fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;

gzip on;
gzip_min_length 1k;
gzip_buffers 4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain application/x-JavaScript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;

#limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
server
{
listen 4590;
server_name http://www.inner.bbs.com;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
root /home/wwwroot/bbs;

#limit_conn crawler 20;

location ~ .*/.(phpphp5)?$
{
#fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fcgi.conf;
}

location ~ .*/.(gifjpgjpegpngbmpswf)?$
{
expires 30d;
}

location ~ .*/.(jscss)?$
{
expires 1h;
}

log_format access ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘
‘$status $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘
‘”$http_user_agent” $http_x_forwarded_for’;
access_log /home/pubsrc/nginx/logs/access.log access;
}

server
{
listen 4591;
server_name http://www.inner.uc.com;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
root /data/wwwroot/uc;

location ~ .*/.(phpphp5)?$
{
#fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fcgi.conf;
}

log_format wwwlogs ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘
‘$status $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘
‘”$http_user_agent” $http_x_forwarded_for’;
access_log /home/pubsrc/nginx/logs/wwwlogs.log wwwlogs;
}
}
②、在/home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/目录中创建fcgi.conf文件:
vi /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf
输入以下内容:
fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx;

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with –enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200;
5、启动Nginx
ulimit -SHn 65535
/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/nginx
四、配置开机自动启动Nginx + PHP
vi /etc/rc.local
在末尾增加以下内容:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/home/pubsrc/php/sbin/php-fpm start
/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/nginx
五、优化Linux内核参数
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
在末尾增加以下内容:
# Add
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 65536
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 32768
net.core.somaxconn = 32768

net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216

net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#net.ipv4.tcp_tw_len = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800

#net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
#net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 120
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
使配置立即生效:
/sbin/sysctl -p
六、在不停止Nginx服务的情况下平滑变更Nginx配置
  1、修改/home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf配置文件后,请执行以下命令检查配置文件是否正确:
/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
如果屏幕显示以下两行信息,说明配置文件正确:
   the configuration file /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
   the configuration file /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf was tested successfully

  2、平滑重启:
   ①、对于Nginx 0.8.x版本,现在平滑重启Nginx配置非常简单,执行以下命令即可:
/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
②、对于Nginx 0.8.x之前的版本,平滑重启稍微麻烦一些,按照以下步骤进行即可。输入以下命令查看Nginx主进程号:
ps -ef grep “nginx: master process” grep -v “grep” awk -F ‘ ‘ ‘{print $2}’
  屏幕显示的即为Nginx主进程号,例如:
   6302
   这时,执行以下命令即可使修改过的Nginx配置文件生效:
kill -HUP 6302
或者无需这么麻烦,找到Nginx的Pid文件:
kill -HUP `cat /home/pubsrc/nginx/nginx.pid`
七、编写每天定时切割Nginx日志的脚本
  1、创建脚本/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
vi /home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
  输入以下内容:
#!/bin/bash
# This script run at 00:00

# The Nginx logs path
logs_path=”/home/pubsrc/nginx/logs/”

mkdir -p ${logs_path}$(date -d “yesterday” +”%Y”)/$(date -d “yesterday” +”%m”)/
mv ${logs_path}access.log ${logs_path}$(date -d “yesterday” +”%Y”)/$(date -d “yesterday” +”%m”)/access_$(date -d “yesterday” +”%Y%m%d”).log
kill -USR1 `cat /home/pubsrc/nginx/nginx.pid`
2、设置crontab,每天凌晨00:00切割nginx访问日志
crontab Ce
输入以下内容:
00 00 * * * /bin/bash /home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh

开启php.ini中的cgi.fix_pathinfo=0,防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞。
3,创建nginx启东脚本
vi nginxctl
输入一下内容
#!/bin/bash

BIN=/home/pubsrc/nginx/sbin/nginx
PID=/home/pubsrc/nginx/nginx.pid
case $1 in
start)
$BIN -c /home/pubsrc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf;
exit $?;
;;
stop)
kill $(cat $PID);
exit $?;
;;
reload)
kill -HUP $(cat $PID);
exit $?;
;;
rotate)
kill -USR1 $(cat $PID);
exit $?;
;;
port)
echo “Your port is $(( 4000 + $(id -u) ))”;
;;
*)
echo “Usage: $0 {startstopreloadroateport}”;
exit 1;
esac
最后赋予可执行权限
chmod 777 nginxctl

CentOS系统上CentOS Memcached安装。
1.CentOS Memcached安装前需要先安装Libevent:
# curl -O http://www.monkey.org/~provos/libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
# tar zxf libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
# cd libevent-1.4.9-stable
# ./configure
# make
# make install
2.继续CentOS Memcached安装:
# curl -O http://www.danga.com/memcached/dist/memcached-1.2.7.tar.gz
# tar zxf memcached-1.2.7.tar.gz
# cd memcached-1.2.7
# ./configure
# make
# make install
3.CentOS Memcached安装接着在当前用户的.bash_profile中添加
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
4.CentOS Memcached运行
# memcached -m 512 -u nobody -vv
测试时候发现会出现以下错误信息:
“/usr/local/memcached/bin/memcached: error while loading shared libraries: libevent-1.4.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory”
错误的原因是未在系统中注册Libevent. 解决方法如下:
# vi /etc/ld.so.conf.d/libevent-i386.conf
在VI中输入以下一行内容:
/usr/local/lib/
最后不要忘了
# ldconfig
5.CentOS Memcached运行
# memcached -m 512 -u nobody -vv
<6 server listening
<7 server listening
<8 send buffer was 109568, now 268435456
<8 server listening (udp)
<9 send buffer was 109568, now 268435456
<9 server listening (udp)
CentOS Memcached运行正常。
以上介绍CentOS Memcached安装及运行检测。

1、启动Memcache 常用参数
-p 设置端口号(默认不设置为: 11211)
-U UDP监听端口(默认: 11211, 0 时关闭)
-l 绑定地址(默认:所有都允许,无论内外网或者本机更换IP,有安全隐患,若设置为127.0.0.1就只能本机访问)
-d 独立进程运行
-u 绑定使用指定用于运行进程
-m 允许最大内存用量,单位M (默认: 64 MB)
-P 将PID写入文件,这样可以使得后边进行快速进程终止, 需要与-d 一起使用


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